Japanese Gardens – Key Features

Japanese Gardens – Key Features

Kyoto Garden London

London Holland Park’s water feature in Kyoto Garden.

The composition of enduring elements such as buildings, stones and paths that harmonise with the surroundings are critical factors in a good Japanese garden.

The waterfall plays an important role in Chinese and Japanese landscape. Japan’s earliest known manual of gardening—the Sakuteiki—describes ten different forms of waterfall stipulating the proper height and width of a cascade.

Japanese gardens are a living art form, in which the plants and trees are ever changing. As they grow and mature they are constantly sculpted and pruned to maintain and enhance the overall composition. Over time it is only as good as the careful and qualified maintenance that it receives by those trained in the art of pruning.

A space in the garden for contemplation or meditation fits with the Buddhist and Daoist philosophy

On a more war like footing the features in a Samurai garden include those listed here.

Book Cover


This book explores ‘five classic styles: Stroll Garden, Tea Garden, Courtyard Garden, Dry Garden and Pond Garden. …….. It is an inspiring and accessible guide to designing and creating a Japanese garden…’

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