Autumn is the time for thinking about more daffodils for next spring.
Now is the time to look closely at your Daffodil flowers and identify details of the parts you can see. Then learn to classify the flower into one of the Divisions experts use when showing or selling Daffodils. Finally remind yourself of the top tips for growing great Daffodils.
Detail Parts of a Daffodil Flower
The spathe is the protective green bract that covers the flower before opening time – cheers when it becomes papery.
The neck or pedicle is the section of stem that carries the flower whilst the main stem carries the chemicals from the bulb to the bloom.
The seedpod or ovary is close behind the developing flower, after pollination it begins to swell.
The petals, normally six in number, are the showy part of the flower also called the perianth.
The Corona is the central part of the daffodil flower. Also known as the trumpet or the tube it can be found in many shapes and colours.
The Stamen and stigma are the male and female organs that are surrounded by the corona.
Divisions of Daffodils
Division 1 – Trumpet Daffodils The cup is as long or longer than the petals. There is one bloom per stem.
Division 2 – Large-Cupped Daffodils The cup length measures more than 1/3 of, but less than or equal to, the length of the petals. There is one bloom per stem.
Division 3 – Small-Cupped Daffodils The cup length measures not more than 1/3 of the length of the petals. There is one bloom per stem.
Division 4 – Double Daffodils have a clustered cup and petals. There can be one or more flowers per stem.
Division 5 – Triandrus Daffodils have blooms that hang like bells. There are usually two or more blooms per stem.
Division 6 – Cyclamineus Daffodils have a wind-swept appearance. There is one bloom per stem.
Division 7 – Jonquilla Daffodils have small flowers with flat petals. There are usually one to three blooms on a stem.They are very fragrant. The foliage is narrow, reed-like.
Division 8 – Tazetta Daffodils have clusters of florets on a stem. The foliage and stem are very broad. These flowers are very fragrant.
Division 9 – Poeticus Daffodils have extremely white petals and are noted for this quality.The cup is a small, crinkled disc. Cups most often have a green center, surrounded by yellow, with a red rim. There is usually one fragrant bloom per stem.
Division 10 – Bulbocodium Hybrids consists of daffodils in the “hoop petticoat” form.
Division 11 – Split-Cupped Corona Daffodils have cups split at least one-third of their length.
Division 12 – Miscellaneous Daffodils consists of daffodils not classifiable by the first 11 divisions. Many are inter-division hybrids.
Division 13 – Species, Wild Variants, and Wild Hybrids often merged with division 10.
Courtesy of American Daffodil Society
Top Twelve Daffodil Tips
11. Visit a local spring flower show, look closely at the Daffodils, talk to exhibitors and enthusiasts.
12. Read Wordsworth Daffodils and a good daffodil book